VW Tiguan Manuals

Volkswagen Tiguan Service and Repair Manual: Checking with Restrictor, Reservoir and A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-, Externally Regulated A/C Compressor

Volkswagen Tiguan Service and Repair Manual / Refrigerant R134a Servicing / Pressures, Checking / Checking with Restrictor, Reservoir and A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-, Externally Regulated A/C Compressor

Note

  • Connecting service station.
  • Observe test requirements.

 

  • Bring engine speed up to 2000 RPM.
  • Pay attention to the A/C service station pressure gauge.

Note

Switching pressures for actuation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- and Coolant Fan -V7- are vehicle-specific.

Specified Values

High-pressure side:

Increasing from initial pressure (when connecting pressure gauges) to 20 bar (290 psi).

Low-pressure side:

Decreasing from initial pressure (when connecting pressure gauges) to the value in the graph.

  1. Low pressure (measured at service connection) in bar (psi) absolute
  2. Control current for A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-.
  3. Permissible tolerance range

Volswagen Tiguan. A87-0377

Note

  • Under unfavorable conditions (very high ambient temperatures, high humidity), pressure on high-pressure side may increase to max. 29 bar (421 psi).
  • The control current -B- is shown in the measured value block.
  • The high pressure is shown in the measured value block.
  • Low pressure settles as a function of control current for A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- within compressor output range in tolerance range.
  • Under unfavorable conditions (very high ambient temperatures, high humidity), compressor output may not always be sufficient to attain the specified value.
  • The specified operating current for the regulator valve must be greater than 0.3 A in order to ensure reliable valve activation.
  • In the setting "maximum cooling output" control current is regulated to approximately 0.8 A (displayed in measured value block).
  • At absolute pressure, 0 bar/psi corresponds to absolute vacuum. Normal ambient pressure corresponds to 1 bar (14.5 psi) absolute pressure. 0 bar/psi pressure corresponds to an absolute pressure of 1 bar (14.5 psi) on most pressure gauges (indicated by 1 bar (14.5 psi) below 0 bar/psi).
Possible deviation from specification Possible cause of fault Corrective action
  • High pressure remains constant or increases only slightly (above pressure with engine stopped),
  • Low pressure quickly drops to value in graph or below
  • Required cooling output is not attained
  • Activation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- is faulty.
  • Not enough refrigerant in refrigerant circuit
  • Check activation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-.
  • Localize the leak with leak detector and eliminate
  • Charge the refrigerant circuit.
  • High pressure normal
  • Low pressure in line with value in graph
  • Required cooling output is not attained
   
  • High pressure normal
  • Low pressure too low (see graph)
  • Required cooling output is not attained
  • High pressure normal
  • Low pressure too low (see graph)
  • Required cooling output is not attained
   

Note

If no malfunction is found with this complaint, flush (clean) refrigerant circuit with refrigerant R134a. If that is not possible in this workshop, flush the refrigerant circuit with compressed air and remove moisture with nitrogen.

Possible deviation from specification Possible cause of fault Corrective action
  • High pressure only increases slightly above pressure with engine stopped
  • Low pressure drops only slightly
  • Required cooling output is not attained
  • Activation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- is faulty.
  • A/C compressor faulty.
  • Check activation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-.
  • Flush (clean) refrigerant circuit.
  • Replace A/C compressor.
  • High pressure increases above specification
  • Low pressure drops only slightly
  • Required cooling output is not attained
  • Constriction or obstruction in refrigerant circuit
  • Run hand over refrigerant circuit to check for differences in temperature
  • If difference in temperature is found at one component:
    • Replace the hose or pipe if kinked or constricted.
    • In the event of an obstruction, flush refrigerant circuit with compressed air and nitrogen
  • If no malfunction can be found:
    • Flush (clean) refrigerant circuit.
  • High and low pressure normal at first, after some time high pressure increases above specification
  • Low pressure quickly drops to value in graph or below,
  • Required cooling output is no longer attained.
  • Moisture in refrigerant circuit
  • Flush refrigerant circuit with compressed air and nitrogen.
  • Replace reservoir
  • Repeat test if function is not OK.
  • Flush (clean) refrigerant circuit.
  • Charge the refrigerant circuit.
  • Repeat the test.
  • High pressure normal
  • Low pressure too low (see graph)
  • The required cooling performance is obtained
  • Activation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- is faulty.
  • A/C compressor faulty.
  • Check activation of A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-.
  • Flush (clean) refrigerant circuit.
  • Replace A/C compressor.

Note

  • For the malfunction "high pressure normal, low pressure too low", note the following: faulty, the evaporator can ice up or the cooling output is not reached.
  • With this malfunction, evaporator may ice up although quantity of refrigerant in circuit is OK.
  • Check measured values of Evaporator Vent Temperature Sensor -G263- or Evaporator Temperature Sensor -G308-.
  • Check the A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- activation.
Possible deviation from specification Possible cause of fault Corrective action
  • High pressure normal or too high
  • Low pressure too high (see graph)
  • A/C compressor noise (particularly after switch-on)
  • Required cooling output is not attained
  • Too much refrigerant in the circuit.
  • Extract refrigerant from the refrigerant circuit
  • If quantity of refrigerant extracted roughly corresponds to specified capacity:
  • Replace the A/C compressor.
  • If quantity of refrigerant extracted is substantially greater than specified capacity:
    • Charge the refrigerant circuit.
    • Repeat the test.
  • High and low pressure normal
  • Required cooling output is not attained
  • To much refrigerant oil in the circuit.
  • Discharge the refrigerant circuit.
  • Flush (clean) refrigerant circuit.
  • High and low pressure normal
  • A/C compressor noise (particularly after switch-on)
  • The required cooling performance is obtained
   

Note

  • Overfilling with refrigerant oil can occur if, for example, the compressor has been replaced without adjusting the quantity of refrigerant oil.
  • If the A/C compressor is not replaced, the refrigerant oil should be drained from the A/C compressor via the oil drain plug. Out of the entire quantity of refrigerant oil, 50 grams should be put in the A/C compressor and the rest in the refrigerant circuit. Refer to vehicle-specific repair manual.
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    Note Connecting service station. Observe test requirements.   Bring engine speed up to 2000 RPM. Observe manometer battery. Note Switching pressures and design of refrigerant circuit sw ...

    Checking with Expansion Valve, Receiver/Dryer and A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-, Externally Regulated A/C Compressor
    Specified Values Note Connecting service station. Observe test requirements.   Bring engine speed up to 2000 RPM. Pay attention to the A/C service station pressure gauge. Note High-press ...

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