VW Tiguan Manuals

Volkswagen Tiguan Service and Repair Manual: Electrical Components Not on Refrigerant Circuit

A/C Programmer -J127-

This programmer switches the refrigerant flow direction through the second evaporator if the temperature on the cooling fins on the second evaporator lowers to the freezing point for water (icing protection).

Volswagen Tiguan. V87-1452

Coolant Fan Control Module -J293-

Note

There are different construction styles.

Volswagen Tiguan. N87-0532

This control module switches on and off the A/C clutch and therefore the A/C compressor. It switches the coolant fan and calculates the pressure in the refrigerant circuit on vehicles with a High Pressure Sensor -G65- or A/C Pressure/Temperature Sensor -G395-.

Coolant Fan Control Module -J293-

Note

Available in different construction styles, some installed on coolant fan -arrows-.

Volswagen Tiguan. N19-10054

This control module switches on and off the A/C clutch and therefore the A/C compressor. It switches the coolant fan and calculates the pressure in the refrigerant circuit on vehicles with a High Pressure Sensor -G65- or A/C Pressure/Temperature Sensor -G395-.

A/C Evaporator Temperature Switch -E33-

Function:

The A/C Evaporator Temperature Switch -E33- determines the temperature between the evaporator cooling fans. It prevents the possibility of ice building up between the evaporator cooling fans because the current entry to the condenser magnetic clutch is interrupted when the temperature on the cooling fins lowers to the freezing point for humidity.

The insertion depth of the feeler tube is marked or indicated in the repair manual.

Volswagen Tiguan. V87-0422

Note

Installed on VW vehicles with the A/C compressor drive above the ribbed belt

Evaporator Vent Temperature Sensor -G263- or Evaporator Temperature Sensor -G308-

Function:

The Evaporator Vent Temperature Sensor -G263- or Evaporator Temperature Sensor -G308- determines the temperature behind the evaporator. This value goes to the air conditioning control module and serves as a reference signal for regulating the A/C compressor. This prevents the evaporator from icing up.

Volswagen Tiguan. N87-10183

Refrigerant Circuit Pressures and Temperatures

WARNING

When performing work on refrigerant circuit, observe all generally applicable safety precautions and pressure vessel regulations.

The pressures and temperatures in the refrigerant circuit depend on the current operating conditions (such as engine RPM, coolant fan level 1, 2 or 3, engine temperature, A/C compressor on or off) as well as on the effects of outside influences (such as outside temperature, humidity, desired cooling output).

In vehicles with A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-, the pressure is modified on the low pressure side by the valve.

For this reason, values indicated in the following table are valid only as reference points. They are attained at an engine speed of 1,500 to 2,000 RPM and an ambient temperature of 20 ºC (68 ºF) after about 20 minutes.

The connections provided for measuring pressure for the manometer battery are located in the vehicle-specific refrigerant circuit.

At 20 ºC (68 ºF) with the engine not running, the pressure in the refrigerant circuit is 4.7 bar (68.17 psi).

Refrigerant Circuit with Expansion Valve

  1. Low pressure side of refrigerant circuit.
  2. High pressure side of refrigerant circuit.

Volswagen Tiguan. Refrigerant Circuit with Expansion Valve

Component Aggregate State of Refrigerant Pressure bar (psi) Positive Pressure Temperature in Degrees Celsius (Fahrenheit)
-1- Evaporator, from input to output Vapor Approximately 1.2 (17.4) Approximately -7 (20)
    (Approximately 1.8 (26.1) ) Approximately -1 (30)
-2- A/C compressor A-side Gas Approximately 1.2 (17.4) Approximately -1 (30)
    (Approximately 1.8 (26.1) ) Approximately -1 (30)
-3- A/C compressor B-side Gas Approximately 14 (203.1) Approximately 65 (149)
-4- Condenser Gas, vapor, fluid Approximately 14 (203.1) Approximately 55 (131) at outlet
-5- Receiver Fluid Approximately 14 (203.1) Approximately 55 (131)
-6- Extraction and filling valve, B-side Fluid Approximately 14 (203.1) Approximately 55 (131)
-7- Expansion valve Fluid, released as vapor Approximately 14 (203.1) Approximately 55 (131), reduced to -7 (20)
-8- Extraction and filling valve, A-side Gas Approximately 1.2 (17.4) Approximately -7 (20)
    (Approximately 1.8 (26.1) ) Approximately -1 (30)

1) Pressure in refrigerant circuits is maintained at approximately 2 bar (29 psi), regulated by A/C compressor, even though heat transfer changes and engine speeds vary. However, this applies only within the performance range of the A/C compressor; if the performance limits of the A/C compressor are exceeded, the pressure increases.

2) Within the control range of the A/C compressor, temperature in the refrigerant circuits is maintained, regulated by A/C compressor, even though heat transfer changes and engine speeds vary. However, this applies only within the performance range of the A/C compressor; if the performance limits of the A/C compressor are exceeded, the temperature increases.

3) Measured values for A/C systems with two evaporators

Note

  • A/C compressors which do not regulate their performance are switched off by the respective control module via the A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280- at an evaporator temperature below 0 ºC (32 ºF).
  • In vehicles with A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-, the pressure is modified on the low pressure side by the valve.

Refrigerant Circuit with Restrictor and Reservoir

Arrows point in direction of refrigerant flow.

  1. Low pressure side of refrigerant circuit.
  2. High pressure side of refrigerant circuit.

Volswagen Tiguan. Refrigerant Circuit with Restrictor and Reservoir

Component Aggregate state of refrigerant Pressure bar (psi) positive pressure Temperature in degrees Celsius (Fahrenheit)
-1- A/C compressor B-side Gas up to 20 (290 psi) up to 70 (158)
-2- Condenser From gas to vapor to fluid up to 20 (290 psi) up to 70 (158)
-3- Restrictor From fluid to vapor B-side to 20 (290 psi), A-side greater than 1.5 (21.8 psi) B-side up to 60 (140 psi), A-side warmer than -4 (25)
-4- Evaporator From vapor to gas Greater than 1.5 (21.8 psi) Warmer than -4 (25)
-5- Reservoir Gas    
-6- A/C compressor A-side Gas    

Pressures on A-side are maintained at approximately 2 bar (29 psi) by "regulating" A/C compressor also at various engine speeds. However, this applies only within the performance range of the A/C compressor; if the performance limits of the A/C compressor are exceeded.

Note

In vehicles with A/C Compressor Regulator Valve -N280-, the pressure is modified on the low pressure side by the valve.

Pressure Gauge, Tests and Measurements

Indicators on pressure gauge

  1. Temperature scale for refrigerant R134a CF3-CH2F or CH2F-CF3.
  2. Pressure scale

The pressure gauge may have one or more temperature scales next to the pressure scale. The R134a scale values are allocated respectively in the vapor pressure table. Since various refrigerants create different vapor pressures at the same temperature, each temperature scale is identified for the respective refrigerant.

Pressure Gauge Uses

a - Pressure and temperature measurement at refrigerant circuit

  • High pressure gauge measures pressure and temperature, which expand uniformly from outlet of A/C compressor via the condenser up to constriction (restrictor, or expansion valve) with A/C system switched on.
  • Low pressure gauge measures pressure and temperature, which expand uniformly from constriction (restrictor, or expansion valve) via evaporator up to input of A/C compressor with A/C system switched on.

Volswagen Tiguan. Pressure Gauge Uses

Note

The relationship between pressure and temperature indicated on the gauges only exists in a refrigerant circuit that contains liquid or vapor, but not gas. In a gaseous state, the temperature is approximately 10 ºC (50 ºF) to 30 ºC (86 ºF) higher than indicated on the gauge.

b - Verification of refrigerant in a closed container

Refrigerant R134a is present in a closed vessel or in a refrigerant circuit when the temperature indicator on the gauge matches the refrigerant temperature (the temperature of standing fluid is equal to the outside temperature).

A closed vessel or a refrigerant circuit that has been switched off is empty when the temperature indicated on the gauge is below the temperature of the refrigerant.

Note

The relationship between pressure and temperature indicated on the gauges no longer applies if no liquid is present and the pressure is built up solely by gas.

A/C Service and Recycling Units

Extraction System Group Classifications

At this time, A/C service units for extracting, cleaning and filling refrigerant for motor vehicle A/C systems are available from various manufacturers.

Group 3:

Mobile extraction and charging systems for filling compressed-gas vessels permanently connected to the system.

The refrigerant or refrigerant/oil mixture is transferred to compressed gas vessels which are permanently connected to the mobile systems. In accordance with 3 Para. 5 No. 3 of pressure vessel regulations, compressed-gas vessels are classified as pressure vessels in this case.

The charging systems require:
  • no permit
  • no expert testing as the gas is transferred to compressed-gas vessels which are classed as being pressure vessels. (Systems used for transfer from these pressure vessels to compressed-gas vessels for supplying to third parties do require a permit and are subject to mandatory testing).

Note

The A/C service and recycling units used in motor vehicle workshops are extraction and charging systems not requiring a permit (Group "3") but which are only to be operated by qualified personnel. Instructions for unit operation and maintenance can be found in the relevant manufacturer's documentation.

Charging Systems not Requiring a Permit

At this time, A/C service units for extracting, cleaning and filling refrigerant for motor vehicle A/C systems are available from various manufacturers.

Charging systems not requiring a permit are ones used for transferring compressed gases to mobile compressed-gas vessels for internal use only.

Note:

Some A/C service units are charging systems not requiring a permit. When working with such equipment, the refrigerant is not transferred to mobile compressed-gas vessels, but rather into a permanently installed charging cylinder with visible level gauge and float switch.

Recommendation:

It is advisable to use a portable cylinder with visible level gauge and pressure relief valve for surplus refrigerant for internal use.

Observe the different technical regulations for handling and filling compressed gases in other compressed-gas vessels (for example RGS 400, TRGS 402, TRGS 407, TRGS 510, TRBS 3145 / TRGS 725).

Refrigerant Circuit Repair Information

WARNING

When performing work on refrigerant circuit, observe all generally applicable safety precautions and pressure vessel regulations.

Caution

Non-approved tools or materials such as leak sealing additives can cause damage or malfunctions in the system.

Only use tools and materials approved by the manufacturer.

The warranty is voided if non-approved tools or materials are used.

Special tools and accessories:

The performance of proper workmanlike repairs on an air conditioning system:

  • Requires the use of special tools and materials as listed in.
  • Requires compliance with the basic instructions for use of leak detectors.
  • Requires expert knowledge.

Note

Releasing refrigerant into the environment is not permitted (punishable by law).

    Switches and Sensors on Refrigerant Circuit and Connections
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